Background[ edit ] The seeming contradictions of Indian attitudes towards sex more broadly - sexuality can be best explained through the context of history. India played a role in shaping understandings of sexuality, and it could be argued that one of the first pieces of literature that treated " Kama " as a science came from the Indian subcontinent. As in all societies, there was a difference in sexual practices in India between common people and powerful rulers, with people in power often indulging in "self-gratification" lifestyles that were not representative of common moral attitudes. Moreover, there are distinct cultural differences seen through the course of history across India. Ancient times[ edit ] A Sculpture depicting a sexual Pose The origins of the current Indian culture can be traced back to the Indus Valley civilisation , which was contemporaneous with the ancient Egyptian and Sumerian civilisations, around BCE.
Some thoughts on the Veil Max Dashu Most people think of the veil solely in terms of Islam, but it is much older. It was also practiced by the Assyrians. Veiling had class as well as gender implications; thus, the ancient Assyrian law required it of upper class women while punishing commoners for it. Then more privileged women began rejecting the veil, as did Egyptian feminist Huda Sharawi, while poor women increasingly adopted it as a ticket to upward mobility. A similar dynamic occurred with footbinding in modern China.
The Indus Valley Civilisation was also named as the Harappan civilisation after Harappa , the first of its sites to be excavated in the s, in what was then the Punjab province of British India. The Kulli culture of Balochistan, of which more than settlement sites are known, can be regarded as a local variant of the IVC, or a related culture. The geography of the Indus Valley put the civilisations that arose there in a highly similar situation to those in Egypt and Peru , with rich agricultural lands being surrounded by highlands, desert, and ocean. Recently, Indus sites have been discovered in Pakistan's Khyber Pakhtunkhwa as well. Other IVC colonies can be found in Afghanistan while smaller isolated colonies can be found as far away as Turkmenistan and in Maharashtra.
Hussain May 20, at 1: And what is our dear government doing about this? And of course there is the question about marriage and abortion? Do they really care or do they really give a shit? Mamoo May 22, at 3: